Frame 5

Main Feature: 3. Learning Moduals,Module 05


When the tip of the tongue is raised against the upper teeth (n) is produced. The soft palate is lowered and the air escapes freely through the nasal cavity. There is vibration in the vocal cords. It is to be recollected here that the sound value of t (ṭ) seen in Frame 1. The movements of the speech organs are the same as that of (d), the voiced one except that the air stream passes through the nasal cavity in the case of  nline(n). This is described as voiced dental nasal. It occurs medially as in the words, 1st etc. and Elsewhere it is pronounced as alveolar as in the English words name, invitation etc. and in Tamil words like 2nd, 3rd etc.

Observe how the letter for the sound (na) is written and copy three times.


The letter nline may also be written, deleting the extended curve line at the end.

Observe how the secondary symbols for the vowels 1, 2 and 3 are added to nline.


The letters nline, npi, npi2, npi3 cannot occur in the middle or end of a word. However, npi4 can occur medially before npi5, npi6, npi7 etc.
This can be seen in the words, that‘that’, this ‘this’ etc.

Read the words and write them three times each.


na (na): In its production the air stream is blocked by the back of the tongue while it is in firm contact with the soft palate as in the production of (g). The soft palate is lowered and the air passes through the nasal passage. The vocal cords are vibrated. This is described as a voiced velar nasal. It occurs only in the medial position with its corresponding voiced velar stop, k (k).

Observe how letter for na (ṅa) is written and write it four times. Your letter should be like the one given at extreme right.

na ______ ______ ______ ______ na

Compare the letter for (na) with the letter for (ṅa). Write them four times each:


Secondary symbols for vowels a1, a2 and a3 are added to the nasal consonant a4.


It is already pointed out that the letter na usually occurs only in its pure consonantal form, namely  4p2, immediately followed by letters of 4p3 series, such as4p3 ,4p4 , 4p5, etc. That is, 4p3 series letters after 4p2are pronounced as soft sounds (voiced sounds) like, ga, gaa, gi etc.

Read the words aloud and write them three times each.


Read the following words.


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